Three Chinese universities declared their intention on May 9 “Step down from the international rankings”.
The announcement concerns the People’s University (Renmin) in Beijing, as well as Nanjing and Lanzhou Universities, located in the eastern provinces of Jiangsu and northwestern Gansu, at the junction of the Tibetan Plateau and Mongolia.
If these three universities in China are recognized by their size and history, their name is little known from national borders because they are not part of world universitiesthese world-class facilities are evaluated annually by various international assessment bodies.
The decision of these universities is an immediate response to the speech of the President of the People’s Republic of China during the visit of the People’s University. On April 25, she vehemently spoke of China’s need to continue to strengthen the position of its universities to become world references, but “with Chinese characteristics.”
President Si Jinping explained that “Chinese universities should be deep-rooted in China and should not simply copy foreign standards and models.” during a visit to Renmin China University in Beijing on April 27, 2022.
The abandonment of the international ranking system has so far had no direct impact on the policies of other institutions, but it raises questions about the Chinese Communist Party’s vision of higher education and research in international competition. .
The declaration of these three universities is, above all, more political and symbolic, because they did not decide to register or not. The university may, at best, stop providing data to the evaluation bodies, which in this case will continue to evaluate them from other data sources, such as bibliographic databases, patent databases, Nobel Prize registers, search engines, public surveys.
Historically absent in the global higher education environment, China has ten universities in the top 100 of the Times Higher Education rankings in 2022, with Tsinghua University and Peking University ranking sixteenth. Seven universities in mainland China are in the top 150 of the QS rankings.
The rapid rise of these universities is explained by the Chinese government’s increased support for the talent and investment needed for scientific research. These achievements have been achieved through reforms in the governance and financing of universities.
In early 2000, based on a research team from Shanghai Jiaotong University, China is developing its method and its indicators of excellence, which are now entrusted to a private operator, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (AWRU). So this is the ladder, he says “from Shanghai”, which, since 2003, has upset the traditional balance in the world ‘s large university reputation market.