Currently, about 50,000 children are educated at home, half of them for health reasons.
It is a shocking announcement that will infuriate the families concerned. Among the provisions of the Separatism Act, in addition to the exceptions, there is also an obligation to teach at school. Germany, Croatia, Greece and Spain already have this restrictive national selection. The measure concerns 50,000 French children who are currently being educated at home. The sick or disabled, who make up half of this workforce, will be able to continue this form of education. Like homeless children and top athletes, the Ministry of Education specifies. Will there be other exceptions? This will be a matter of debate, certainly wild, before Parliament.
This marginal way of education affects only 0.4% of the 12.4 million school-age children, but is constantly increasing: 35,000 in 2017, 41,000 in 2019 and 50,000 in 2020. The government is closely monitoring this movement and 2019 calls for stricter controls.
Laia Co-Chair, Alix Fourest, who raised her two children at home in Toulouse, is surprised that “radicality of the measure“.”We knew Emmanuel Macron would be talking about us and we expected another screw turn. But a total ban, no!wonders. He believes that with this statement the President “smash the fly with a hammer“Because families who choose to do so for reasons of religious separatism are”extremely minority“.
In February 2020, Jean-Michel Blanquer mentionedfrom 2,000 to 3,000 youth situations that could be a problemThese kids are out of schoolgo to undeclared structures“, Assured Emmanuel Macron.”with women in niqab who welcome them, prayers, certain courses, that is their teaching“.
President of Create your school, an expert in free education, Anne Coffinier “wait for the text to appear“:”Teaching at home will no longer be an automatic right. You will have to apologize. But it can look like a gas station“, He predicts, expecting an explosion of medical certificates provided by parents. “All families will have good reasons to move forward. What to say, for example, to those who live in the countryside, far from any school? Or those whose children fail or suffer at school?“On parents, other parents refuse”a measure which again restricts individual freedoms“. The announcement is more liked by the teaching staff because”school is a source of equality. And among these families, unfortunately, we are seeing sectarian excesses“, Notes Guislaine David from Snuipp-Fsu.
According to the government, the Constitutional Council has never ruled that home education is part of the freedom of education. “This freedom is understood as the freedom to choose public education, private under contract or out of contract. But not home education“We assure you.” However, according to Valérie Piau, a lawyer specializing in school law, the parents could rely on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). In 1982, the ECHR referred tothe freedom to organize teaching and opt for education outside the school structure …for a young English corporal victim at school.
The motivations of families who opt for home education are diverse and often plural. Their child may be a victim of bullying, a school phobia. Without being handicapped, it can fail, adapt poorly. Others are considered more effective than national education. Sometimes they want to start a specific Montessori type of pedagogy.
Some want a breaksilence, close to naturefor their children. Finally, some families have religious motivations because the school system does not respect their beliefs very much. For example, the ban on wearing a veil at school encourages Muslim families to keep their children. “There are also anti-vaccines, vegans, hermits who reject society or follow a certain diet. Most parents are serious. Others are folk, even disturbing. We are concerned when religion takes up more space than, for example, math and French lessons. But you just can’t see itThis is what the inspector responsible for inspections says. In particular, according to an inspector from the north of France, 5% of families impossible to achieve. If we want to control them, we find the door closed. Or they spend time moving“. Homeschooling associations have also noticed a special attraction this year related to the fear of Covid-19. Some parents gained this during imprisonment and wanted to expand their experience. Or refuse the obligation to wear a veil at school.”
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