French-speaking cantons plan dwelling schooling reform –

Homeschooling is on the rise, with almost 900 French-speaking children enrolled today. Each canton tolerates these alternative pedagogies more or less well, but the most tolerant ones, Neuchâtel and Vaud, provide reforms.

In Mosteau-Lutolf no stress at the beginning of the school year. The four children are 4, 10, 12 and 15 years old and train at home, or rather “in real life”, as their mother Debora Lutolf would say. “The leaf of the tree, the engine, the computer, the neighbor, the opportunities to learn are everywhere. The luxury we have at home is to have children seven days a week, 24 hours 24 hours,” he emphasizes.

This phenomenon remains marginal, but more and more families in Romandie are educating their children at home. It is the main canton, the canton of Vaud, which connects two thirds of these parallel “personnel”. At the beginning of the school year 2019 there are 580 of them, ten years earlier there were 72 of them.

The law on parents and teachers is back on the table

The canton of Vaud acts as a magnet for families who want to take over their children’s education on their own. No prerequisites, no application for authorization, just report to the office. The cantons of Geneva and Bern allow home education under certain conditions. As in Friborg and Valais, but with another requirement: one of the parents must hold a teacher certificate. To the extent that some consider moving to a neighbor to avoid the criterion.

>> Homeschooling attracts more and more French-speaking people, but the context varies greatly from one canton to another. Report at 19:30:

Homeschooling is attracting more and more French-speaking people, but the context varies considerably from one canton to another. / 19:30 / 2 min. / August 28, 2019

This situation can change because the most tolerant cantons want to tighten the screw. In Neuchâtel, the authorities plan to draw inspiration from the Friborg Act on Parents and Teachers. “[Celles et ceux] who want to educate their child at home must provide the same teaching that is provided in school, ie with new means of teaching, with the quality of educational goals that are in a public school. As a parent, you can’t replace a dozen competent professionals, ”explains Jean-Claude Marguet, Head of Compulsory Education at Neuchâtel.

Group learning is preferred

State Attorney Vaudois Cesla Amarelle adds. “These children must have the opportunity, if they want, to return to compulsory schooling, because there they learn to live together, there they learn in the classroom, in the team.”

But for Deborah Lutolf, community life is taught outside the school walls. His children do not live in a vacuum, play sports with other children their age and are members of various associations. For her, it is an alternative pedagogy that must have its place today more than ever before. “People are increasingly being asked to have original ideas, to think outside the lines, to be original, and in return, they are being asked not to have too much imagination and to do as they are told.”

Among the real alternatives to public school or the possibility limited to exceptional situations, what place for this other way of learning in French-speaking Switzerland? Everything will be decided in the coming months.

>> Listen to the Futur anterior report:

Future anterior – Family education, alternative to public school / La Matinale 5h – 6h30 / 4 min. / August 23, 2019

Julien Chiffelle

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