Because their child cannot go to school, wants to have another education or has decided to travel the world, some parents learn at home. What you need to know about distance education, which should be limited from 2021.
[Mise à jour du 13 octobre à 11h21]. French law does compulsory school attendance between the ages of 3 and 16. But so far it is a lesson and not a school. There are many reasons for choosing them: because they do not agree with the principles of national education, because they want to give their child another education, because the child cannot go to school or because they have decided to travel the world. However school education should become compulsory from the beginning of the school year 2021announced by Emmanuel Macron as part of a draft law on separatism. for that home education will be “severely limited” to “health imperatives,” he said.
The number of children affected by family education has been increasing for 10 years: “We have seen a multiplication of more than 3, accelerating between 2016 and 2020. Family education (IEF) accounts for 0.5% of the total number of students in France . , ie 62,000 children at the beginning of the 2020 school year, “specifies the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic in a press release of 9 December. In 2020, the share of children enrolled in the regulated CNED is 17,000 students and the share of children in the IEF of their parents is 45,000 students, almost ¾ of the total, and this distribution has changed in recent years.
Many criteria can lead parents to choose do school at home. Firstly, because they do not agree with the way they are taught in schools. They can also chooseEducate your child at home if they live in a community that does not have a school and believe that the school in which they should enroll them is too far away. In other cases, it is because their child cannot be registered in school. The situation can also occur if the family is nomadic or if the child is performing a sports or artistic activity that cannot be matched to the schedule of a classical school. After the academy, they can then be registered free of charge at the National Distance Education Center (Cned).
Why do parents choose home school?
- For health reasons: illness, disability, hyperactive child …
- For a different choice of education : academic excellence, desire to respect the child’s pace of learning, return from expatriation during the year, choice of alternative pedagogy, nomadic families …
- In case of bullying or school violence, school phobiasautistic disorder, precocious children, learning disabilities, overcrowded classes, geographical remoteness, school failure without perspective …
Homeschooling for children with disabilities
If the child cannot attend school for the disabilitywill register it for free atAcademy at Cned. He will then be able to follow the classic or modified school curricula, ie those that meet his specific needs. You should also know that you can benefit from support for education at home with tuition, rewarded from National Center for Distance Education.
In France, freedom for everyone to choose distance education is enacted by the Ferry Act of March 1882 who makes education (and not schooling) compulsory. Thus, all parents have the opportunity to teach their child at home and not in person at school.
Ferry law of 28 March 1882, confirmed by Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and Article 14.3 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and Article 2 of the Additional Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights:
- define the obligation to teach and not to attend school;
- guarantee the right of parents to provide this education and training.
- Pi courses,
- Legendre distance learning courses,
- Sainte-Anne Course,
- Ker Lann School,
- Valine courses
- Griffon courses
All you have to do is reside in France, regardless of your nationality. Teaching can take place outside the family home, but it must regroup only children from one family.
Parents who decide to do so practice home education must, whatever their situation, inform the town hall by post their municipalities and the academic director of the departmental services of national education (Dasen) their decisions and every school year. The written statement stating the surname, first name, date of birth and address of the child and parents must also state the address of the apprenticeship, if the place is different from the place of residence. In addition, if the family wants to teach at home during the school year, this statement must be sent within 8 days.
|Good to know : there must also be a certificate of instruction in the family sent to CAF if you want to benefit from Family allowances. However, parents do not receive a return allowance and the child cannot be awarded a scholarship to college or high school.|
- From the first year, there will be a survey at the town hall until check the reasons for this decisionand to ensure that it is compatible with the child’s state of health and well-being. This will be renews every two yearsuntil the age of 16, at which school attendance is no longer compulsory.
- A pedagogical control will also be performed by Dasen, or according to a Cned in the case of children who cannot attend school, at least once a year. The purpose is to verify that the child has acquired the knowledge and skills required by the common ground by the age of 16. It will take place from third month of home education. The family will be informed but may not know the exact date of the visit. The academic inspector will first interview the parents, then the child will do written and oral exercises adapted to his or her age and health.
- If the check is not verified, parents will have a month to improve the situation. A second assessment will then take place and, if necessary, it can be enrolled in school mandatory.
In home education, it is not mandatory to follow the school curriculum. It is also not required to be registered at Cned or another distance learning service. Thus, each parent can create their own program by following the interests of the child. Textbooks may or may not. The only condition is that the student masters the required knowledge at the age of 16and that he have got me skills expected at the end of each training cycle (CP, CE1-CE2, etc.). In addition, it will not be subject to mandatory CE1 and CM2 assessments.
For successful home educationparents should start with choose how they want to work : according to the school curriculum, with the distance learning center, with homework and tests, etc. It is also necessary to decide whether the lessons will be precisely determined as in school or will follow the rhythm of the child. In addition, you will have the choice between organizing lessons or teaching in everyday life, such as learning to count while shopping, teaching foreign languages by chatting occasionally other than in French, and so on. Although children do not actually follow the school curriculum, parents are advised to do so run a laptop with skills the child controls, what needs to be redone, etc. If you are preparing real lessons, do not hesitate to prepare them in advance, or do so according to the student’s progress during the lesson.
If parents cannot, do not want or no longer feel able to attend home schooling, they can enroll their child in school at any time, regardless of the length of distance learning. Education is compulsory between the ages of 3 and 16registration cannot be refused. In kindergarten and primary school, the child enters a class appropriate to his or her age or, if he or she is far ahead, takes the next level. In college and high schoolmay, depending on the equipment, be tested on certain subjects to determine in which class to register him according to his level.
Passing homework does not preclude passing exams. University certificates and graduations can thus be completed as independent candidateafter registration at the regional rectorate.
In the comics, the mother talks about her experiences from high school Home
Lisa Desports and her partner Joël decided to educate their son Léon at home when he was 4 years old, taking care of his little sister Ella, who was 12 months old at the time. Nice savages: year without school, is a comic (formerly a blog) that follows the path of this family. This mother talks about her steps, about how they organized, about her educational decisions … All to help parents who would like to learn more about home education.
Nice savages: year without schoolLisa door, editions Steinkis, Price: 16 eur