In Luxembourg, school attendance is currently compulsory from the age of 4 to the age of 16. The Minister of National Education Claude Meisch (DP) will present this Tuesday, February 22, a project to extend compulsory school attendance from 16 to 18 years, which was approved by the Slovak government on February 11. The possibility to balance home teaching, because the school obligation does not mean the obligation to attend school.
184 children study at home
According to the latest data published by the Ministry of National Education in March 2021 for the school year 2020-2021, 154 pupils in primary education (aged 3 to 11) are educated at home compared to 50,890 children attending primary school, ie 37 more as in 2019-2020. And there were 30 high school students (12 to 19 years old) to study at home.
The reasons for home education can be various: the child’s illness, the families crossing the country or the parents’ beliefs. “For young people aged 4 to 12 in 1ehm September, classes can take place at home. At present, it is necessary to request a mandate from the director of his district by justifying his request and informing the municipality, ”explains Albl (Luxembourg Association for Freedom of Education) on its website. For children over 12 years in 1ehm September, home education is not regulated by any law. In practice, you must provide a school certificate of correspondence course to the municipality of your residence or inform the Ministry of National Education. The draft law on home education exists, but has not yet been submitted to the Chamber of Deputies.
Homeschooling is subject to controls
The non-profit association Alli explains in its 2020-2021 activity report that it had “several requests for information on home education due to unsuitable hygienic conditions for families. There is no doubt that the number of applications has increased because families have been able to know and experience and think about this choice of education. Do home-based parents have to follow the Luxembourg curriculum? According to Article 21 (basic / basic education), “home education must aim at acquiring basic skills defined by the curriculum. In duly justified cases, in particular – ie for example – if the parents intend to give their child a distance learning, the district director may grant an exemption from the teaching of one or more of them. another matter provided for in Article 7 of the Education Act.
And the non-profit association notes, “that striving to acquire the basic skills defined in the curriculum does not mean that achieving them is mandatory, but that the child must be given the opportunity to achieve them. because he has the right to education, but no one can be forced to learn. ” Homeschooling is therefore subject to the control of the director of his district. If it is found that the education provided does not meet the set criteria, the pupil is automatically enrolled in a school in the municipality of his / her residence. The same will apply if the director refuses to carry out an inspection.
In Belgium and France
And how is home education in our neighbors? In Belgium, compulsory schooling starts at the age of 5. According to the General School Administration Report, 1,122 children were educated at home in 2018-2019, and the General Inspectorate is responsible for monitoring the level of study stipulated by law. Children must also pass a certificate and pass the CEB at 12, CE1D at 14 and CE2D at 16.
In France, education is compulsory between the ages of 3 and 16. Inspections are carried out at the municipal level, at the initiative of the mayor, from the first year, then every two years until the child is 16 years old, and at the initiative of the academic principals of school services. National education (Dasen). According to a survey conducted by the French Ministry of National Education in 2020, 50,000 students are educated at home, compared to 41,000 in 2019 and 30 to 35,000 in 2017. These children represent 0.5% of the total number of French pupils.