Nationwide psychologists within the subject of schooling within the battle towards inequalities

This is a proposal that appears as a mantra in the programs of several presidential candidates: to eliminate the marathon of young people and problems of orientation in education, it would be enough to “remove Parcoursup”.

The proposal, which was rejected by Sylvie Amici, President of the Association of Psychologists of National Education, said:Parcoursup removal is impossible. The problem we have today is demographic, Parcoursup is just a tool. But it is a tool that acts as an indicator of inequality among young people. “

Inequality was also pointed out by Delphine Riccio, a psychologist for National Education (psy-EN), in a small town near Tours: since the 6th, some young people are more disadvantaged than others. They are the same people who will not have access to the sector they want due to a lack of sufficient results. “.

Fighting this determinism is what National Education psychologists are working on, lacking time, resources and weapons: according to Sylvia Amici, 20% of psy-EN positions did not find candidates due to a lack of candidates – training in the liberal or private sector brings more.

The problem we have today is demographic, Parcoursup is just a tool. But it is a tool that acts as an indicator of inequality among young people. (S. Amici, Association of National Educational Psychologists)

The point is that this job is demanding, emphasizes Delphine Riccio, who is part-time divided between her CIO and the university’s 750 students: “I’m not sure people can imagine what it is like to support 750 young people in defining their future. Specifically, we must decide: we will spend more time with students who are in difficulty and want to move towards a career or apprenticeship, and a little less with those who go on general or technological seconds. There are also many extraordinary events and priorities, requests from Segpa, MDPH, administration, … “

Delphine Riccio as Sylvie Amici, who works at the CIO in Aulnay-sous-Bois, knows that many young college and high school students feel that they are not sufficiently supported or expect to find turnkey counseling solutions for them. “It causes a lot of frustration,” admits Delphine Riccio, but we can’t decide why we’re done in three-quarters of an hour! You have to find time to talk, discover, explore, get to know and understand the world we live in.

The Inspectorate General is developing ways to improve orientation

If this time of support and listening is needed in high school and secondary school, it is equally needed later, in higher education, as Marie-Thérèse Gomis, associated with the CIO at the Sorbonne, explained:We support students at the beginning of the course who are looking for a change of orientation in L1, but more and more, we also have those who have successfully completed an L2, L3, or even a master’s degree and who follow us because they no longer find meaning in the study they have nevertheless opted for. ”

I’m not sure people can imagine what it is like to support 750 young people in defining their future. (D. Riccio, psy-EN in Tours)

And then they find out that “passing an orientation” is not just “passing exams.” “The young people we hire are increasingly stressed, anxious, in trouble,” notes Sylvie Amici. It is difficult to choose your orientation and your life project when you do not have confidence in the future.

The OECD again points to persistent inequalities in the French education system

For this reason, in addition to individual support, Delphine Riccio also organizes thematic workshops at the university where she works. One of them, for 5th grade students, is about happiness: “Together we ask what happiness is and how to cultivate it, we talk a lot about students who are afraid that they will fail. The surrounding downturn is also related to anxiety, which forces them to make an effort … They say to each other, “what is the point of working, where to go?‘”

For the ENs we spoke to, the school as an institution could play a role in combating student anxiety if it provided the means to do so. “Instead, year after year, we see unrest settling in some young people and we know that what we are doing is not enough,” notes Delphine Riccio. Obviously, there are not enough of us to do everything well. . ”

Recruit more psychologists fromNational education instead of removing Parcoursup? This is an original idea for presidential candidates.

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