There is no longer any doubt that education will be one of the focal points of Emmanuel Macron’s (short) campaign for a new five-year period. During his first candidate trip to Poissy (Yvelines) this Monday, March 7, the head of state named several directions for the school: reform of secondary vocational school, mathematics in the common core of secondary school, “pedagogical freedom”…
This is not enough to reassure the national education unions, which see in the head of state’s proposals the continuation of the reforms launched during his first five-year period. And they are waiting for them to learn more about the sensitive issue of institutional autonomy.
Focus on the basics
In accordance with his Minister of National Education and his credo “ read, write, count, respect others “Emmanuel Macron Insisted” basic knowledge “at school. But by proposing a major reform of the five-year term.” We need to strengthen our mathematical learning […]put them back into the common core and into high school, all the specialties together “, The candidate slipped, reflecting the controversy surrounding the rue de Grenelle about the place of mathematics in high school. The proposal announced by Jean-Michel Blanquer in recent weeks.
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” Sounds like a confession of failure, Match analysis: Sophie Vénétitay from Snes-Fsu. It’s another “at the same time” symbol: we remove the math from the common core and then put it back. »« It is going in the right direction, but we would like to see how it can materialize “Emphasizes this teacher, who is strongly opposed to the reform of the school as a whole.
” This sudden pedaling is reminiscent of the form of demagoguery associated with the election date, considers that Laurent Zameczkowski, Vice-President of PEEP, the Federation of Parents of Pupils. It becomes a bit like hair in soup. It may be the right decision, but it lacks retrospect. It seems premature to me, even though they recently told us that we could no longer get enough math teachers and that we wanted to finish the math selection. “In the presidential-candidate team, it is suggested that it is more about strengthening mathematics in common core science education – rather than transforming a separate subject for all first- and final-year students.
code and EPS
But the president doesn’t just care about math and spelling. In order for the head of state to cope with digital transformations, he wants to develop code teaching from the fifth year. He also wants to operate little silent revolution “generalization” since the beginning of the school year 2022 »Half an hour of daily sports for primary school students. ” Thirty minutes of sports every day at school for our children aged 6 to 12 means mastering a sports habit, launched by Emmanuel Macron. He fights against a sedentary lifestyle, forces children and teenagers who have this relationship with sports, a desire for sports, instilled in sports. »
“ Beware of notification effects! Sophie Vénétitay responds. We have the impression that Emmanuel Macron finds that it is possible to play sports in the first grade, when teachers have been playing sports there for years. »« Instead of reporting, we need to think about the place of physical education and sport (EPS) and what we are doing with it. “, Says Frédéric Marchand, UNSA’s Secretary General for Education.
“Great Reform of Secondary Vocational School”
Emmanuel Macron, a topic often overlooked in presidential campaigns, also insisted on vocational training. Last October, Jean-Michel Blanquer himself returned the topic to the spotlight, two years after implementing his vocational high school reform. The head of state obviously wants to go further. “ We need the fundamental reform of the secondary vocational school that we need, in partnership with companies made sure. There must be currents that meet the needs of secondary vocational schools. There are too many sectors where there are no outlets. Businesses need to get more [dans les lycées professionnels]. “And as for the president, we even have to act in front of high school, keep” time with high school students from the 5th grade, half a day a week, when we bring companies to university that will help guide and explain the tasks of tomorrow so that the training meets the needs “.
READ ALSO: Before the presidential election, Blanquer wants to bet on vocational training
Proposals have made Pascal Vivier, Secretary-General of SNETAA-FO, the first trade union for vocational training, to come forward. ” We agree: we must achieve a real reform of vocational education and higher education admits the union. But the fact that companies go to college half a day a week is a complete frenzy. He does not know the reality of children at all. These are children aged 11 to 14 years. They need to be “brought up”; Teaching is a profession, you can’t improvise! »
Instead, the union leader offers teaching to all high school students in microeconomics and production awareness. ” whatever it is: kitchen, wood, etc. At the secondary vocational school, he reminds that there is already 22 weeks of experience in companies. And concludes: to think that business is the redemption of school failures is a mistake. He may be an “helper”, an “axis” (company visits, conferences, presentations, etc.), but certainly not for what he cannot: teach. Otherwise, it is not a bandage on a wooden leg, it is an infected bandage on a diseased body. »
The president, who has just been declared a candidate, has, of course, taken the opportunity to repeat his mantra on ” freedom teachers, paving the way for strengthening school autonomy. It is necessary ” decompartise the school by providing teachers with more resources, higher pay and more pedagogical freedom “He defended Emmanuel Macron.
” It’s no surprise believes Sophie Vénétitay. Already in 2017, he mentioned the issue of freedom and autonomy in several speeches. This is one of her guidelines. It remains to be seen what this actually means. We know that there is a lot of attention to strengthening the privileges of the head of the facility, especially recruitment. For us, it is a red line that would generate differences between territories. Following experiments reported in Marseille in September, the head of state mentioned in Parisian in January “ the freedom that can be given to certain schools in building their own educational project according to their territory “.
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” We do not reject the idea that there is some form of autonomyadvance for his part Frédéric Marchand of UNSA. However, there are concerns about Emmanuel Macron’s comments to teachers. If it were a matter of pushing local recruiters, or even changing the position of teachers, we would start with unacceptable things. Details will be needed. »« We are not opposed to the recruitment of teachers at the local level Laurent Zameczkowski defends himself. In primary education, we would like the school head, who is our co-chair, to make more decisions and to be less caught up in the vice between the inspection and the municipality. But we must be careful to maintain a public school. »
We are divided on the side of the leading institutions. And especially carefully. “ I do not know where Emmanuel Macron comes from, autonomy is the flag, analyzed by Bruno Bobkiewicz, Director and Secretary General of SNPDEN-UNSA. There are two autonomies: leadership autonomy with recruitment logic, merit bonus, etc. which we do not believe. And there is the logic of facility autonomy, which we have been advocating for a long time, which leaves operational choices, for example, on the scheduling of high school reform. But you need the means to do that, because choosing between nothing and nothing is autonomy. “Almost a month before the presidential election, Emmanuel Macron has to get out of the blur very quickly.