Posted on December 10, 2020 at 4:05 PMUpdated December 11. 2020 at 10:26
Retreat during the forced march. After the executive considered for some time a severe reduction in the practice of home education in the framework of a bill “consolidating Republican principles,” it withdrew. Parents who want to take care of their child’s education will still be able to do so, but under greater supervision. According to the version of the bill that was submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Wednesday, for example, prior permission will be required.
Legally, the provision has become difficult to defend. The Council of State, responsible for studying the project, opposed the completion of home education. This issue is also being discussed around the world. While some countries support this practice, others are much stricter. Overview.
Strict regulations in Germany, Spain and Sweden
On the European continent, Germany has one of the toughest regulations in this area. Only health reasons allow you to get home education. The religious or educational beliefs of the parents are not taken into account.
Spain and Sweden are also very reluctant to practice homeschooling. The Spanish constitutional system therefore does not recognize this practice, while Swedish law states that it is not permitted. School attendance is also compulsory in Greece. Only children with special needs can leave the class.
Some countries go even further, such as Turkey, which has decided to ban home education. Therefore, from the age of 6, all Turkish citizens must be enrolled in a public or private school under the threat of sanctions. The same logic in the Netherlands, where education is compulsory from the age of 5. Parents who take their children out of the education system face sanctions. There are a few exceptions, such as religious beliefs, that allow for home education. Election against most European countries.
If these countries in most cases prohibit home-based education, a big difference must be noted compared to France: the age at which compulsory schooling begins. In France, pupils have to return to school for the first time at the age of 3, while German and Spanish pupils start school at the age of 6. Greek children start school a year earlier, at the age of 5, just like Dutch children.
Education under conditions in Austria
Other countries are more flexible, but require certain rules to be followed. Regular examinations, the obligation to have a teacher’s diploma, a solemn declaration or registration with the authorities … there can be a number of conditions for attending school at home. In Austria, parents who want to teach their children must register with the relevant authorities. Homeschooling may be prohibited if the school board decides that the education provided will not be equivalent to the education obtained in the classroom. Students must also pass two annual exams to maintain their academic level.
The logic is basically the same in Denmark, where the constitution guarantees parents the right to choose the education they want to prefer. However, they are obliged to follow certain principles. Children trained in home education are thus monitored by local governments, which ensure that they receive the same level of education as their classmates. In Slovakia, parents must obtain a teaching diploma in order to exercise the right to home teaching, while in Norway the authorities evaluate out-of-school hours once a semester.
Reduced controls in the United States
In some countries, in addition to being legal, homeschooling is much easier. In the United Kingdom, for example, parents who educate their children at home do not have to follow a national program, according to the British government.
In the United States, nearly 2 million students study from home. The practice is legal in all US states, which regulate, each according to its own rules, home education. Most remain very tolerant. Only Massachusetts and Rhodes Island require a home school permit from their parents. In Texas, some subjects are required, such as reading, math, or grammar, but no assessment requirement is required. In Oklahoma, on the other hand, parents are free to choose the subjects they teach. The rules are stricter in the state of New York, which requires the learning of certain subjects, assessment, as well as the minimum level of qualification of parents of teachers.