Declaration versus authorization. The debate on family upbringing lasted more than three hours in the Senate on Tuesday as part of a review of the separatism bill. In its text, the government stipulates the creation of a system of prior consent of the Rectorate if the family wishes to use home education. The right and center senators’ majority preferred to maintain the current principle of the declaration. She therefore deleted Article 21 of the bill in the committee, as confirmed by today’s sitting. However, senators have stepped up controls on the family order. About 60,000 children are now increasingly affected.
“Challenging freedom of education”
“In our view, the framework for the use of home education calls into question the freedom of education, which is based on public or private schools with or without a contract and home education,” said LR rapporteur Stéphane Piednoir. education. The ministry did not carry out any actual study. ” However, the rapporteur “understands” that several additions need to be made while maintaining the declarative system “.
Therefore, some amendments strengthening the control have been adopted, such as the time limit for making a declaration or the commitment of families to practice teaching mainly in French. To the surprise of the Minister of National Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer: “We can take these amendments as confirmation of the first version of Article 21,” he said, “it is a posthumous posthumous honor in Article 21”. Provisional, as Members will be able to reintroduce it later. “You are in the process of creating an a posteriori authorization regime,” adds PCF Senator Pierre Ouzoulias. “We remain in declaration mode,” LR Senator Max Brisson replied, but “we are also in the logic of control because we are responsible.”
“Family education is not judged by this law,” says Jean-Michel Blanquer
Jean-Michel Blanquer sought to defend the spirit of the measure as adopted by the National Assembly. “Home education, home education is not the subject of this law. On the contrary, how much freedom is specified by law, “the minister argued. Condemning the “cartoons” assures him: “We never aimed to end family upbringing. However, this is what Germany, Sweden or Spain are doing.
Jean-Michel Blanquer on family upbringing
He intends to have a “dialogue” with “the world of families that we have listened to and that has mobilized a lot.” Therefore, “extension of exceptions” is allowed in the text. But “our goal is a dishonest family upbringing that serves separatism.” The Minister adds:
There is a good and bad upbringing in the family.
“Yes, family education is a problem and a problem of separatism not only within Islamist radicalism, but also within sectarians,” says the Minister of National Education.
“We know that more than 60,000 children are educated in their families, we know that this number has exploded in 10 years, we know that it has exploded coincidentally in areas where there is separatism,” added Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer, who condemns the double play on right: “We pretend we don’t see it to satisfy other groups who pretend to be affected by this law, even if they don’t. And we’re doing the same kind of political calculation around it. “
“Are you depriving a large number of families of their freedom”
On the right in the middle is more music. “Yes, there are deviations from family upbringing,” but in Article 21, “you are depriving a large number of families of your freedom” and “you are playing Islamists,” estimates Nathalie Delattre, a RDSE senator. School at home can also be justified “for health reasons, disabilities or for autistic children who cannot integrate into public school, due to the lack of a adapted class,” adds Colette Mélot, a senator at Les Indépendants.
“I would not want children in the republic to go to Qur’anic school instead of education, but it is up to you to suggest ways to avoid this excess without calling into question fundamental freedom,” said LR Sen. Philippe Bas who “thinks that the freedom to learn as a family is seriously affected by this text”. See:
Philippe Bas on home education
“Article 21 comes from the will of the President, who said that home teaching must be abolished,” recalls Bruno Retailleau, President of the LR Group, during a speech in Les Mureaux in October 2020. During the speech, the head of state said that he wanted to “strictly” limit this type of teaching. For Bruno Retailleau, “this article is badly born” and “badly targeted”, like the whole bill, is “too accommodating when you need to be firm”, but “liberticidal when it comes to attacking freedoms without justification.” “.
“Outrage of Senatorial Majority with Variable Geometry”
RDPI (LREM) Senator Nadège Havet, on the other hand, emphasizes that “5,000 children would be off our radar today. This is unacceptable. “She is surprised by the” double meter “of the senator’s right after the text was” hardened “last week. Socialist Eric Kerrouche also laughs at the” outrage of the senatorial majority, which is variable in geometry. “
It is not possible to build a nation on separatism, whatever it is: religious separatism, but also social separatism or separatism by elitism, ie the fact of being separated from each other, with our own system of value.
David Assouline, also a senator for the PS, is surprised that the right is more mobilized “on Algerian flags at weddings” than on the subject, “it is almost a moment of truth about what motivates each other.”
Communist Cécile Cukierman also emphasizes injustice to parents who “have no other solution because they have to work and can’t stop for school for six months or a year.” “Teaching in families does not support the child’s socialization, learning citizenship,” adds socialist Jacques-Bernard Magner.
“What I’m hearing there is complete nonsense! »
“We cannot caricature this side of the Chamber and say that we will be lax about separatism and radical Islamism. What I’m hearing here is complete nonsense! “LR Senator Laure Darcos answers. Olivier Rietmann, a rare LR senator in defense of the authorization regime that the government wants, did not appreciate. “I was wondering if I was a little stupid.” And I thought when I talked about the ban on family education, “joked Olivier Rietmann. “We are talking about a PMA without a father, but what about a child without a friend? asks Senator LR from Haute-Saône, who advocates the need for “the school of the republic that saved me, in relation to my special family situation.”
Despite some dialogue between the deaf, Jean-Michel Blanquer still tried to convince the text of the text, not without responding to the attacks, in particular the attack by LR Olivier Paccaud, who sees the measure as “collective punishment” as unfair. “I will talk to you about copying off topic, and there are many cases when we are off topic,” the minister begins, asking, “Let’s stop pretending to be off target. I kept saying it wasn’t like that. “