Six positions in English, four in EPS, seven in French, two in physics-chemistry … On the Clermont-Ferrand Rectorate’s website, there is a list of teaching positions to be filled on June 1 at the academy’s high schools and highs.
Among the advertisements for the recruitment of contractors in the physical sciences is the advertisement of the multi-purpose high school in Haute-Auvergne in Saint-Flour … from November 2021. It will not disappear until the summer, “simply because there is no” There is no compensation, “
The establishment of 620 students has accumulated unrecovered absences this year. In SVT, when the teacher has been missing for a month. In French, when a teacher was arrested in January. “According to the schedule, his three colleagues took over when they were already working overtime,” the director explains.
In general, they were initially able to provide 2:30 French per week, due to graduation. But the second classes were not so lucky. The renewal of all classes required an unexpected arrival of the supplier in early May.
In the physical sciences, in order to cope with the absence of a teacher in November, Laurent Bouillin had to reach for the “patches” of high school mathematics teachers who were available because their students were on internship.
However, as of March 28, several second and first general classes no longer offer physics and chemistry courses (except for specializations).
If the parents of students and teachers of Sanflorain High School have publicly expressed their anger and their concerns, heard by the Rectorate, it is indeed the whole academy that seeks to replace its teachers.
Why do we have few teachers?
Observations are the same everywhere in France: National education allocates places to institutions according to their number, but there are no longer enough teachers to fill them.
If the positions remain vacant, it is primarily “because teachers prefer not to be assigned to these positions,” notes Peggy Voisse, director of human resources at the Clermont College. “It’s very variable, one year we can have problems with subjects and a year later with other subjects. »
You also have to deal with departures during the year, unforeseen absences … “Temporary management has always been quite difficult,” notes Peggy Voisse. The head of human resources at the Rector’s Office this week counts on “83 unrecovered absences over fifteen days”, which remains “something acceptable”.
“It may not be new, but it’s getting worse,” said Marc Bellaigue of Snes-FSU, a leading teachers’ union that condemns’ accounting logic. ‘
“For several years, we did not open enough competitive positions and asked teachers to work an extra two hours to compensate. »
There are not enough open positions and high school competitions that are no longer full. “The profession is no longer attractive,” analyzes Bernard Slusarczyk, director of the Albert-Camus College in Clermont-Ferrand, and secretary of SNPDEN 63, the school principals’ union.
“Low levels of remuneration, of course. However, people are also aware of the complexity of their work. Teaching is not just about knowing the discipline and passing on knowledge, it is educational and social work, the child needs to know … “
In numbers. The Clermont-Ferrand Academy has 7,500 permanent teachers in the second stage (colleges and secondary schools) of public education, 498 holders in the substitute zone (TZR), 1,037 contract teachers (substitute teachers on a fixed-term contract, not necessarily full-time). time positions and have a bachelor’s level + 3 corresponding to the teaching discipline). As of June 1, there are 83 vacant positions (unrecovered absences longer than fifteen days).
Why are TZR not enough?
TZR could replace teachers on maternity leave, incapacity for work, training, etc.
From now on, “they are automatically placed in vacant places at the beginning of the school year,” notes Richard Commeau, principal of Clermont Ambroise-Brugière High School and SNPDEN Academic Secretary. “So once they’re absent, they can’t be replaced.” »
Clermont-Ferrand Academy hires contract staff to address teacher shortages in schools
The solution was contract workers, but they are no longer.
Due to the lack of available TZR, National Education has become accustomed to inviting contract staff. This year even more, to address the health crisis. There are 1,037 of them in the academy, which represents a total of 7,500 full-time teachers.
Their profile has diversified. Students remain mostly in urban areas, but today only 20% of contract staff (220) are under 30 years old. There are also numerous (225) who are over 55 years old.
This breeding ground dries up everywhere, in rural areas that are less attractive and remote from university centers, as well as in urban areas where the potential is greater.
“Contract workers often have divided positions, they can be far from home, they are dependent on the opinion of the plant manager every year when they are employed, it’s really extreme uncertainty.”
Marc Bellaigue at Snes-FSU
These suppliers are increasingly trying to reconcile work and personal life. “What was acceptable a few years ago in terms of geographical remoteness is no longer,” notes Peggy Voisse of the Rector’s Office.
It is not uncommon to see new recruits returning when they find work difficult.
the results? Richard Commeau regrets that it is becoming increasingly difficult to find contract staff and even more difficult to recruit high-performing contract staff. In the end, we will leave people who we know do not have the ability to teach! »
Materials in tension
If no subject is spared, compensation is most important in those that require the most hours, and therefore teachers, French and mathematics.
“We had problems rebuilding our fund in the physical sciences and the tension was also in English, technology and environmental management,” adds Peggy Voisse.
Parents of Haute-Auvergne high school students in Saint-Flour (Cantal) condemn teacher shortages
Will there be an improvement next school year?
“It’s hard to reflect on oneself,” Laurent Bouillin said in Saint-Flour.
The heads of the institutions will receive a first response on 20 June with the intra-academic movement and the roles of the holders. “I have to fill eight positions at Ambroise-Brugière High School,” notes Richard Commeau. So I’m waiting with the knowledge that academic services are tackling the scarcity like we are. »